8 True Greek Mythology Facts
Netgenz - Science | Greek mythology is the oldest mythology in the world. Known since the 18th century BC, Greek mythological stories continue to be recycled today. Whether it's literature, film, or video games, Greek mythology is a regular topic in the Western entertainment world.
However, the entertainment world often misrepresents the Greek gods and goddesses. Finally, people's understanding of aspects of Greek mythology also deviates from the original evidence. It is impossible if our knowledge of Greek mythology is not free from misinformation.
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Here are 8 True Greek Mythology Facts
1. Medusa is not one of the creatures with snake hair
Medusa is not one of the creatures with snake hair
Originally, Medusa (Μέδουσα) was a servant girl at the temple of Athena. After having sex with Poseidon at the temple of Athena, the goddess of wisdom swears to Medusa that her gaze will turn anyone to stone. Besides that, Medusa's beautiful hair was also sworn in to a snake!
It's not strange, when you hear the word women have snake hair, yes, Medusa thought of it. In fact, not only this Versace icon has snake hair. Medusa has two older sisters, Euryale (Εὐρυάλη) and Stheno (Σθενώ), the third of whom has snake hair and a petrified gaze.
These 3 sisters are said to be "Gorgons". While Euryale and Stheno cannot die due to divine descent, Medusa is impermanent because she is a human. While pregnant with Poseidon's child, Perseus cut off Medusa's head. From Medusa's body, could be seen the winged horse Pegasus, and the giant with the golden sword Chrysaor.
2. Zeus' basket character makes him have many children
Zeus' basket character makes him have many children
Zeus (Ζεύς) is known as King Olympus and Father of the Greek Gods. In fact, Zeus is actually popular as a womanizer. Not enough with humans, he also even refers to his sister who is both a god. Therefore, many demigods or demigods and gods became their children!
Zeus is the father of the demigod Hercules after he raped Alcmene while impersonating her husband, Amphitryon. In addition, Zeus is the father of Perseus after impregnating Danae. He also married his sister and fertility goddess, Demeter. The result, Persephone, is subsequently stolen by Hades.
The King of Olympus often turns into an animal to attract women's hearts. As for Europa, he escaped when he turned into a bull and begot King Minos. Zeus then turned into a swan and married the Spartan Queen Leda, and gave birth to Helene.
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3. Pandora, the ancestor of mankind
Pandora, the ancestor of mankind
Pandora (Πανδώρα) is popular as a figure who opens a forbidden pathos (urn) and sows misfortune on mankind. In fact, Pandora was the first human created by Hephaestus on the orders of Zeus. In other words, Pandora is the ancestor of the human race!
The brother of the Titan Prometheus, Epimetheus, was the husband of Pandora. Together, they begat a daughter, Pyrrha. Pyrrha later married her niece, Deucalion. At that time, Zeus was thinking of ending the world by bringing down a great flood!
Like Noah, Prometheus reminded Deucalion to build a large ark. In the end, Pyrrha and Deucalion still survived. Together, they made humans by throwing stones. The stone that Pyrrha throws becomes a woman, and the stone that Deucalion throws becomes a man.
4. Difficult inbreeding produced Greek gods and goddesses
Difficult inbreeding produced Greek gods and goddesses
In the beginning, Chaos was the first creature to live. Furthermore, he begets Gaia (Γαῖα). Without a partner, Gaia then gave birth to Uranus (Οὐρανός) or Sky, Pontus (Πόντος) or Sea, and Ourea (Οὔρεα) or Mountains.
Then, Uranus married Gaia, his own mother. As a result, they begat several Titans, including Kronos and Rhea, Hekatonkheire, and Cyclops. Kronos married his own sister, Rhea, and gave birth to the Greek gods Poseidon, Demeter, Hera, Hestia, Hades, and Zeus who later became the gods and goddesses of Olympus.
5. Heartache makes Artemis willing to kill
Heartache makes Artemis willing to kill
Artemis (Ἄρτεμις) is popular as the goddess of hunting and the Moon. While she was also known as the goddess of midwifery in Greek mythology, she did not hesitate to kill those who touched her. One of them is the Niobe family.
One day, Niobe showed his 14 children (7 boys and 7 girls) and mocked Leto who only gave birth to Artemis and Apollo. Furious, Artemis and Apollo beat up Niobe's 12 children, six girls, and six boys! After that, Niobe even ran away and turned into a weeping stone.
6. Ruling the realm of the dead, Hades is actually not that cruel
Ruling the realm of the dead, Hades is actually not that cruel
Popular as the god of the underworld, Hades (ᾍδης) is not an evil figure that is often shown in the entertainment world. After the War of the Gods and the Titans or Titanomachy, Hades won the lottery to rule the underworld. Not surprisingly, all the bad factors are directly attributed to Hades.
In fact, it wasn't actually Hades who sentenced or tortured some souls in the underworld. King Minos, King Aiakos, and King Rhadamanthys are the three judges who decide the fate of souls.
7. Echidna, mother of all monsters in Greek mythology
Echidna, mother of all monsters in Greek mythology
Popular monsters in Greek mythology such as the Hydra serpent in Lerna, the Nemean Lion, Sphinx, Chimera, Gorgon, to the sea monster Scylla have one thing in common. They have the same mother, namely Echidna (Ἔχιδνα), a half-snake half-woman monster.
Echidna is the wife of Typhon, a giant 100-headed serpent imprisoned on Mount Etna for trying to overthrow Zeus. Reportedly, Echidna was killed by Argus, a giant with multiple eyes who served Zeus' wife, Hera.
8. It's not just a matter of passion and love, Aphrodite is sometimes shown as a female soldier
It's not just a matter of passion and love, Aphrodite is sometimes shown as a female soldier
Born from the foam on the testicles of Uranus, which was castrated by Kronos, Aphrodite (Ἀφροδίτη) was the goddess of love and beauty. Married to Hephaestus, Aphrodite is more depicted with Ares. Together, they begat Eros, Phobos, and Deimos. It's not just a matter of love, apparently, Aphrodite has a "military" side!
Many parts of Greece, such as Sparta, Kythira, and Argos, believed that Aphrodite's Areia (Ἀρεία) factor was capable of competing. Not surprisingly, in this area, the statue of Aphrodite is depicted complete with weapons and clothed in armor! However, some historians explain that this statue is the female version of Ares.