7 Rarely Known Exotic Reptiles
Netgenz - Science | Reptiles are a taxonomic class of vertebrates called reptiles. This line of cold-blooded animals usually reproduces by laying eggs. One of the uniqueness of reptiles is their skin which tends to be hard and scaly.
Reptile skin has a unique structure, pattern, and color that is often used to make accessories such as shoes and bags. Even so, for some people, reptiles are scary animals because of their body shape and skin. Some reptiles are even quite risky because they have toxins.
Each reptile has a form and the most unique way of life. Some of them are even hard to find and their presence has only been discovered recently.
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Here are 7 Rarely Known Exotic Reptiles
1. Madagascar big-headed turtle
Madagascar big-headed turtle
The Madagascar big-headed turtle or in Indonesian, the Madagascar big-headed turtle is one of the species of turtle that is almost extinct. The side of this turtle's head has a larger size than turtles in general. There are quite thick and hard scales on the top and sides of its head.
These turtles are only found in slow-flowing rivers in Madagascar. Antiquely, if the majority of turtles put their heads in their shells when there is danger or when they are sleeping, the Madagascar big-headed turtle can't even do that. Just as the name implies, the size of its large head prevents the turtle from hiding its head in the shell.
2. Spider-tailed horned viper
Spider-tailed horned viper
Physically, the animals in this line of snakes look scary. The skin is not only scaly but looks sharp like a thorn. Apparently, the physical peculiarity of this snake is not only in its skin. When viewed at a glance, the tail of this snake is completely different from that of a snake in general. As the name suggests, this snake's tail looks like a spider.
The animal, whose scientific name is Pseudocerastes arachnoids, lives in the Middle East and was first discovered in Iran. The color of their skin helps this snake to hide in its community in the rocks.
Its spider-like tail is used as bait to lure prey. When hunting, this snake will move its tail, to trick the bird into thinking it is a spider, then eat the bird.
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3. Ecuadorian horned anole
Ecuadorian horned anole
Anole is a kind of lizard-like reptile typical of America, which has a beautiful skin color. Ecuadorian horned anole was first discovered in 1953 in Ecuador. Animals whose scientific name is Anolis proboscis are really hard to find because they move really slowly, plus the color of their skin disguises their presence.
The Ecuadorian horned anole was once considered extinct because, since its discovery in 1953, the animal was never rediscovered until 2004. This animal, which is called the Pinocchio lizard, is a unique type of anole because there is something like a horn on the male's head.
4. Leaf chameleon
The animal, scientifically named Brookesia Micra, is the smallest chameleon species as well as the smallest reptile in the world. The male type of this animal only grows to about 16 mm. This cute chameleon was first discovered in a search conducted by a group of scientists from Germany and America from 2003 to 2007.
Brookesia Micra, which is called leaf chameleon or leaf chameleon, lives by crawling on the ground during the day, and at night they climb on low branches to sleep. This animal is an epidemic animal on the island of Nosy Hara in the Madagascar archipelago.
5. Mexican mole lizard
Mexican mole lizard
At first glance, this animal looks like a giant earthworm. But if you pay close attention, this animal has a pair of cute legs near its head. Mexican mole lizard is a kind of pink lizard that moves really slowly and can grow up to 14 cm.
This animal with the scientific name Bipes biparous lives by digging the ground, so it is quite rarely seen above. This unique lizard can be found in the ground at a depth of 2.5 to 15 cm. They live as far as the Baja California peninsula in Mexico. Its body shape makes this animal called a five-toed worm lizard.
6. Thorny devil
This ant-eating lizard has an amazing appearance. His entire body is covered in thorns that give him many summonses, from thorny lizards to demonic lizards. The thorny devil has a relatively small size of 8 inches or about 20 cm. Its skin color helps it hide from predators in desert and bush communities.
This animal from Australia has the scientific name Moloch horridus and has a life period of about 6-20 years. The thorny devil moves fairly quickly, reaching speeds of up to 36 miles per hour.
The side of the skin between the spines on their bodies helps them survive in the dry and hot desert weather. That side of the skin has hygroscopic properties, which can attract water. In the morning, this lizard will rub its body on the grass to make dew. Their skin that absorbs water will channel the water obtained from the dew into their mouths. Great right?
7. Turtle spy
Matamata turtle is a typical South American turtle that has a rough shell with a wavy and striking structure. The head of this turtle is a flat triangle with a wide mouth. The animal whose scientific name is Chelus fimbriatus is a type of freshwater turtle and has claws on its feet.
The male eye turtle has a thicker tail and a more convex side of the abdomen than the female. This carnivorous animal can grow to about 45 cm and weigh up to 55 kg. They eat various types of fish including catfish, insects, and worms.
Although as aquatic animals, turtles prefer to walk in the mud and calm shallow waters. Unfortunately, the power of watching this animal is terrible. They rely on their sense of hearing and touch to know their surroundings.
There are in the same taxonomic class, there are many differences and peculiarities of each living thing. Each species has characteristics that enable them to survive. So do the five unique reptiles above.