7 Influential Muslim Scientists in the World of Science
Netgenz - Science | When we hear the word "Scientific Researcher," of course what comes to mind are some of the names of popular science researchers in the world, such as Thomas Alva Edison, the inventor of the electric light bulb, Galileo Galilei, the inventor of the telescope, Louis Pasteur, the father of microbiology, and several popular European researchers. and another West.
However, many intelligent researchers who have influence in the science field are from several eastern countries. Unfortunately, they do not make the knowledge they gain permanent until they are not as popular as European and Western researchers.
So who are these extraordinary Muslim scientists? Yok, read the following statements by Muslim researchers who have had an influence in the world of science:
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Here are 7 Influential Muslim Scientists in the World of Science
1. Jabir Ibn Hayyan/Gebert
Jabir Ibn Hayyan was born in Iraq in 712 AD. He was known in Europe as Gebert. Gebert is the founder of chemistry. Initially, Gebert experimented with the number of substances associated with chemical reactions that occurred. From the success of his practicum, he found the law of difference still remains in chemical reactions.
Gebert discovered other chemical reactions such as evaporation, sublimation, and crystallization which further chemical knowledge is used to this day.
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2. Muhammad Ibn Musa Al-Khwarizmi
Al-Khwarizmi was born in Uzbekistan in 780 AD. He is the author of the book on Al-Jabar as the first book on algebraic knowledge, a structured way out of linear and quadratic notation. He is said to be the father of algebra.
In the twelfth century, Al-Khwarizmi introduced the decimal numbering mechanism to the Western world. He corrected Ptolemy's knowledge of geography and wrote about astronomy.
3. Abu Yusuf Yakub Ibn Ishak Al-Kindi
Al-Kindi is a researcher who has written 270 encyclopedias regarding various types of knowledge sectors. The researcher who was born in 801 is an expert in mathematics, medicine, geography, and physics. In addition to science, he studied philosophy, music, and ancient Greece.
Al-Kindi is recognized as a versatile researcher and philosopher who first became Muslim and spoke Greek. During his lifetime, he studied healing, pharmacy, optics, astrology, and more.
4. Abu Bakr Muhammad bin Zakaria Ar-Razi
The researcher, who is generally invited by Ar-Razi, was born in Iran in 864 AD. Ar-Razi is mentioned as the father of immunology because he has discovered allergic diseases, asthma, smallpox, and knowledge of immunology. He deepened the medical sector in Baghdad and was assigned to lead a hospital in Rayy and Muqtadari in Baghdad.
In addition to medical knowledge, he studied various other sciences, such as pharmacy and mathematics. He studied the chemical sector and is known as the maker of several chemical tools such as mortars, spatulas, and test tubes that are used in several parts of the world to this day.
Al-Battani is Islam's greatest astronomer. Born in 929 AD, he is a maker of measuring instruments for gravity and measuring latitudes and arcs of the earth on globes with an accuracy of up to 3 decimal places.
He was the first astronomer who could calculate the distance of the earth from the sun, calculate the circumference of the earth and explain if the earth rotates on its axis, long before Galileo Galilei.
6. Abul Qasim Khalaf ibn Al-Abbas
Abul Qasim, who was born in 936 AD, was the first doctor who specialized in dentistry and childbirth. Throughout his life, studied medical knowledge especially in dentistry and child birth, besides that he made discoveries regarding several drugs.
Abul Qasim had made his own surgical instruments with advanced operationalization techniques at that time. He had also written books on dentistry and childbirth as a special resource for the evaluation of healing and medicine.
7. Ibn Sina/Avicenna
Ibn Sina or Avicenna was a popular researcher and philosopher who was born in 986 AD. He has written books on the role of organs, studied tuberculosis, diabetes, and other diseases.
In addition to learning some of the knowledge, Avicenna did not forget the knowledge of the afterlife. He had completed memorizing the Koran at the age of ten. After he finished remembering the Koran, he just spent his youth studying and studying the knowledge of health, psychology, geology, and philosophy.
Those are the seven Muslim researchers who have influence in the field of science. We as humans who need science and knowledge for life must appreciate some of the inventors of some science. Because of their services, now we can easily learn various types of knowledge.
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