5 Himalayan Mountains Facts
Quoted from the Wandertours website, scientific studies explain that the Himalayas are geographically alive and show a linear movement of about 20 mm / year which causes the size of these mountains to always increase.
The Himalayas were created by the movement of tectonic alignments that collided with India and Tibet. The Himalayas cover 75% of Nepal and are the youngest mountains on the planet. With a variety of interesting things from the Himalayas, please identify then there is interesting evidence of what is hidden in it.
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Here are 5 Himalayan Mountains Facts
1. Geographic Himalayas
The Himalayas are one of the most amazing natural phenomena with a length of about 1,500 miles and a width of about 200 miles. The Himalayas are the third largest ice deposit in the world after Antarctica and the Arctic. There are about 15,000 ice glaciers as far as the Himalayan range and the Siachen glacier is the largest at about 48 miles.
The Himalayas stretch to the northeast of India and through the countries of India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, China, Bhutan, and Nepal. With such a wide place, the Himalayas are a varied geographical landscape. Despite being an icy and snowy area, at the bottom of the Himalayas, there are green valleys and dense forests.
2. Diversity of fauna
golden langur portrait
Despite being an area that looks scary and terrifying, in reality, the Himalayas save a very rare diversity of fauna. The Himalayas are home to very rare animal species, such as snow leopards, wild goats, Tibetan sheep, musk deer, and mountain goats.
A wide variety of wildlife is found in the Himalayan jungle throughout the winter as they migrate towards higher altitudes to escape the summer heat. Counted more than 500 species of birds are in this place. In addition, the Himalayas are a special home for golden langur monkeys.
3. Diversity of flora
In addition to fauna, the Himalayan region saves an amazing diversity of flora. As quoted by PBS.org, the Himalayan region has grasslands and shrubs that can be found between 9,850 and 16,400 feet. This region allows plants to grow because it has a mild winter and mild summers.
In addition, at an altitude of 8,200 to 13,800 feet, there is a jungle that is in the area of the inner valley and there are many types of trees, such as pine, hemlock, and cypress. At 6,600 to 9,800 feet in the east, there is a combination forest of conifers, oaks, maples, orchids, mosses, and ferns.
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4. Origin of the name Mount Everest
mount Everest illustration
Located in the Himalayas and being the highest peak in the world, Mount Everest is named after a British surveyor-general, Sir George Everest. The name Everest began to be used in 1865 by Sir Andrew Waugh as a tribute to Sir George Everest, who is called the pioneer.
Quoted from the PBS.org site, Mount Everest has a peak with a height of 29,029 feet or equal to 8,848 meters. which is the highest peak on all planet Earth. Besides Everest, there are other highest peaks in the Himalayas, you know, such as Mount K2 which has a height of 8,611 meters. and Mount Kangchenjunga which has a height of 8,586 meters.
5. Melting Himalayan glaciers
It was previously discussed that the Himalayas are the 3rd largest ice deposit in the world. Releasing Sciencedaily, a study held by the University of Leeds explains that the Himalayas are already losing glacier ice about 10 times faster. This shows that the melting of ice in the Himalayas could be faster than ice deposits in other parts of the world.
This is worrying because melting ice in the Himalayas can affect the survival of living things around it, including some of the people who live there. This causes sea levels to rise around the world by between 0.92 mm and 1.38 mm.
Global warming is the most important factor in the destruction of glaciers in some areas as the world's ice deposits. We should be more aware of this so that in the future there will be no scary disasters caused by our own hands. Hopefully, this discussion about the Himalayas can add to your story, OK!