6 Health Risks of Eating Too Much Bitter Gourd
Since ancient times bitter melon has been used as herbal medicine and is believed to help regulate blood sugar levels. In Indonesia itself, bitter melon is used in various dishes such as siomai, stir-fried bitter melon, and there are many more. Even though it is bitter, the benefits it offers are many.
On the other hand, for those who like bitter melon, you need to be careful because consuming it too much for a long period can harm health.
Here are 6 Health Risks of Eating Too Much Bitter Gourd
1. Can cause miscarriage
Pare is one of the vegetables that is not recommended for pregnant women if eaten too much. Based on a report entitled "Forbidden Foods for Healthy Pregnancy" in the International Journal of Scientific Research and Reviews in 2018, if pregnant women consume too much bitter melon, the bitter taste of bitter melon can stimulate uterine contractions which can lead to miscarriage.
Likewise, consuming it in the form of juice is said to induce uterine contractions, causing bleeding, abortion, and premature labor.
Bitter gourd seeds contain vicine (vicine) which can cause favism or a state of deficiency of the enzyme glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) in pregnant women. In an experiment, bitter melon protein content called momorcharin was found to have an effect on inhibiting spermatogenesis in experimental dogs and has an antifertility effect in female rats.
Due to reduced fertility and miscarriage in some of the experimental animals, bitter melon can have a similarly harmful effect on humans.
2. Can be bad for the heart
Based on a study on mice published in the journal Analytical Biochemistry in 2016, it was found that high concentrations of bitter melon water can cause hepatotoxicity. Hepatoxicity is a condition in which the liver is damaged by several toxic substances.
So there is a chance that bitter melon eaten for a long period and in high amounts can lead to liver infections. This may be due to the momorcharin compound in bitter melon. However, you should not worry because consumption of bitter melon within normal limits is still useful for health.
3. Can cause kidney problems
A study published in the Journal of Nephropathology in 2014 found that giving the amount of bitter melon up to 4,000 mg/kg body weight to white rats was considered safe because it did not show an impact on the role of the experimental rat's kidneys. However, more than that can trigger kidney problems.
For a safe amount, you can consult a doctor or nutritionist. Because everyone may have a tolerance for consuming different amounts.
4. Can cause irregular heart rhythm
A case study entitled "A case of atrial fibrillation due to Momordica charantia (bitter melon)" in the journal Annals of Saudi Medicine in 2010 provided a case report of a 22-year-old man who had no history of heart rhythm abnormalities, surprisingly experienced it after drinking juice. bitter melon.
An irregular heart rhythm can result in the agglutination of blood on one side of the heart. If this condition always occurs, platelets will form clots and can lead to heart attack or stroke.
The report states that bitter melon is safe for humans to eat with an amount of 20 mg/kg body weight. However, the level of toxin or toxicity of bitter melon can even cause death for laboratory animals when given high amounts of bitter melon concentrate. In addition, bitter melon fruit and seeds have a higher level of toxicity than the leaves.
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5. May interfere with medication when combined with diabetes medication
For some people with diabetes, drugs to lower blood sugar are not recommended to be eaten at the same time as bitter melon. Because bitter melon can make blood sugar drop if the drug lowers blood sugar and bitter melon is eaten at the same time worry will result in blood sugar levels being too low. This of course can be risky.
Quoted by Healthline, bitter melon is not a drug to treat prediabetes or diabetes, although this vegetable has been proven to lower blood sugar. In fact, bitter melon is no less efficient than the agreed low amount of diabetes medication.