LAPAN Estimated Peak Solar Storm Cycle to Occur in 2022
LAPAN predicts that the solar cycle will approach the peak in 2022 so that the star's activity has the potential to increase and trigger solar storms
Netgenz - Sains | The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (LAPAN) said the Sun's transition will approach its peak in 2022. This situation is said to make the star's activity has the potential to increase and trigger solar storms. "In 2022, it is predicted that the Sun's transition will approach the peak of the transition so that solar activity will likely increase. Under these conditions, there is a high probability that there will be an increase in the frequency of flares and coronal mass throws and an increase in the speed of the solar wind on the Sun due to the amount of transient activity. in the Sun," said LAPAN's presentation in the online Seminar on Space Weather: Research, Services, and Benefits, as taken from the official LAPAN website.
The increase in solar activity will have a significant impact on space weather, especially the shift in plasma density in the near-Earth space environment. Space weather conditions will affect the satellites orbiting the earth, especially those in low orbits. In addition, excessive solar activity can release particles with added high energy, resulting in a single moment effect (SEE) that can interfere with the performance of satellite electronic elements.
LAPAN said it would continue to work on forecasting space weather, including forecasts for solar storms, geomagnetic storms, and ionospheric problems that could interfere with the propagation of radio waves. Predictions of conditions on the Sun provided by LAPAN are in the form of predictions of the emergence of active regions before they are visible from Earth, flares, solar wind, protons and electrons added to high energy, and conditions in the ionosphere and geomagnetic in general.
"Predictions of the state of the Sun and space weather are developed based on the results of research over many years and some work automatically by utilizing artificial intelligence technology (machine learning). Through the Weather Information and Forecast Service (SWIFtS) Room, LAPAN researchers are analyzing various weather data space and submit daily reports on space weather conditions," noted LAPAN.
Weak Solar Cycle
LAPAN said that solar storms, especially CME, that hit the Earth could trigger geomagnetic storms. In addition, geomagnetic induced currents (GIC) can arise due to high-energy added particle attacks from the Sun from the CME or high-speed solar wind. This GIC can have an average current of 10-15 A and can reach 100 A in a few moments. An electric current of this magnitude can flow through a high-voltage power grid and destroy the transformer working on the network. Taken from Phys.org, United States Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) solar physicist David Hathaway said Transition Sun 25, which peaks in 2022, could be one of the weakest in centuries.
"The slowdown we're seeing now means that Transition Sun 25, which will peak around 2022, could be one of the weakest in hundreds of years," Hathaway said. Transition Sun 25 is when space exploitation missions must be in full bloom. Less intense transitions need not worry too much about solar flares and radiation storms. On the other hand, cosmic light to be more worried. Cosmic light is a high-energy added particle in outer space; they are translucent to metal, plastic, flesh, and bone. Astronauts exposed to cosmic light have an increased risk of cancer, cataracts, and other diseases. Tragically, the explosion of the Sun that produces radiation, sweeps cosmic light that is even very dangerous.