How to Assemble a Good and Correct Computer

How to Assemble a Good and Correct Computer

How to Assemble a Good and Correct Computer


Computer Assembly Steps

1. Installing Processor to Motherboard

It would be nice before the motherboard is installed into the casing, first install the processor because it will be easier to install it. How to install the processor to the motherboard is:

  • We first make sure the position of pin 1 on the processor and the processor socket to the motherboard, generally located in the corner marked with a dot or indentation.
  • Lift the socket lock lever up to open
  • Adjust the position of the processor's foot with the socket hole, if it is then press the processor into the socket until it is tight.
  • Lock back with lock lever.
  • How to Assemble a Computer

2. Installing the Motherboard

To install the motherboard on the casing, place the motherboard on the casing tray and adjust the hole between the casing and the motherboard hole, then lock it with screws.

How to Assemble a Computer

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3. Installing the Heatsink

After the processor is installed, then install the heatsink so that the processor is not hot. This heatsink is placed on top of the processor and is given a holder so it doesn't come off. Previously coat the heatsink with heat-conducting gel. If your heatsink has a fan, then connect the power connector on the fan/fan to the motherboard

4. Installing RAM/Memory

How to install the Ram/memory module, namely: First open the lock lever, then adjust the position of the indentation on the memory module with the groove in the slot. If it is right then press and reinstall the RAM/memory lock lever.

5. Installing the Power Supply

Usually, when we buy a casing, the power supply is already installed. Now if the power supply is not installed, how to do it, namely:

  • Place the power supply in its place on the back of the case, then lock it with a screw.
  • Connect the power connector from the power supply to the motherboard along with the cab.

6. Installing the Motherboard and Case Cables

  • Connect/plug the primary and secondary IDE connector cables to the motherboard.
  • For non-ATX motherboards, connect the serial port cable parallel to the connector on the motherboard. On the back of the case, there is a hole for installing an additional non-slot port. Open the plate lock screw closed to the porthole then insert the connector port you want to install and install the screw again.
  • Connect the mouse and keyboard connector cables to the motherboard.
  • Other connector cable connections such as LEDs, internal speakers, and ports are available on the computer case.
  • How to Assemble a Computer

7. Mounting the Drive

To install a drive such as a hard disk, CD-ROM / DVD-ROM, the way is:

  • install the drive through the front of the case. First set the jumper settings (as master or slave) on the drive, then install the screw so that the drive does not come off.
  • Connect the IDE cable connector to the drive and the connector on the motherboard (the primary connector is used first)
  • If the IDE cable is connected to 2 (two) drives, the jumper setting is that the first drive is set as master and the other as slave.
  • And the secondary IDE connector on the motherboard can be used to connect two additional drives.
  • Connect the power cable to the power supply on each of the drives.

8. Installing the Card Adapter

Card Adapters that are usually installed are sound, video cards, modems, and SCSI adapters. The installation method is: insert the Card Adapter in the available slot on the motherboard, then press until the connector is completely inserted, then give the screw as a cardholder.
How to Assemble a Computer

9. The final stage of computer assembly

If all the steps for assembling the computer have been completed, now cover it with the casing and give the screws. Connect the cable from the power supply to the wall socket and also connect the monitor connector to the video card port, the keyboard cable connector, and the mouse connector to the mouse port.

10. Examination of Computer Assembly Results

After the computer has been assembled, we check and test the results with the BIOS program, the method is:

  • Turn on the computer and monitor, look at the monitor screen, and also listen to the sound from the speakers.
  • Now the Fost program from the Bios will automatically detect any hardware that has been installed on the computer.
  • Perform settings for the value of the hard disk capacity and boot sequence.
  • After saving the settings and exiting the BIOS setup, the computer will load the operating system with a search sequence that is adjusted to the boot sequence settings in the BIOS.
  • Insert Bootable CD containing the operating system in each search drive.

11. Solutions such as a problem with the computer assembly

  • Turn on the computer, if the computer and monitor do not turn on, check the power cable at the power outlet is connected or not.
  • If the time is turned on, the monitor screen display is blank/black, there must be an error and if the CPU sounds a beep, then correct the RAM/memory placement in the socket.
  • If the adapter card is not detected, check whether the card adapter placement is right or not in the slot.
  • If the LED from the hard drive or CD is on, check whether the connector is connected or not.


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