9 Strange Planets Ever Found, Did You Know?
Galaxy and Planets Illustration
Netgenz - Sains | No one knows the limits of the universe. Planets and stars that we know so far, apparently still have many other partners that humans have not known. The discovery of new stars and planets shows that there are still opportunities to find other space objects.
Changes in technology have allowed some astronomers and scientists to find and study other space objects. The new planets that have been discovered seem to really stand out with quite strange characters. What is that strange planet? Read this list.
1. Pink planet
GJ 504B. planet illustration
The planet, called GJ 504 b, is called the "pink planet". Quoted by Eskify, as it is called, the planet looks magenta pink and is one of the pink planets that have been found. The pink planet is only 57 light-years from Earth and is in the constellation Virgo. This 160 million-year-old planet orbits a yellow dwarf star called 59 Virgins.
Like Jupiter, this planet is divided into gases that are pink in color. NASA releases if the surface temperature of this planet reaches 460 degrees Fahrenheit or around 237 degrees Celsius. Although similar in size to Earth, the mass of the planet GJ 504 b is 4 times greater than that of Jupiter. The orbital distance of GJ 504 b is predicted to be 9 times the orbital distance of Jupiter from the sun.
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2. Super Saturn
Illustration of planet J 1407B
The University of Rochester Newscenter reports that the planet J1407b was discovered in 2012 by Rochester University astronomer Eric Mamajek and his partner at the Dutch Leiden Observatory, Matthew Kenworthy. This planet has a giant ring that has a size 200 times larger than Saturn's rings. They thought this planet had a Mars-sized satellite in the empty area between its rings with an orbital period of about 2 years.
Planet J1407b, quoted by Eskify, has a size 40 times larger than Jupiter. 37 rings are stretching 120 million km wide around the planet. The giant ring that surrounds it has earned the planet the nickname "Super Saturn". This planet is 420 light-years from Earth in the constellation Centaurus. J1407b's orbital period is predicted to be around ten years.
PSR B1620+26b planet-planet illustration
Watch Mojo released this planet as the oldest outer planet in the universe. This planet is predicted to be 12.7 billion years old, which is one billion years younger than the predicted time of the Big Bang. This is evidence that the previous planets were created very quickly. The planet was eventually named "Methuselah", a name taken from the world's oldest person listed in the Bible.
Methuselah, whose presence was verified in 2003, is quite odd. Esky released that PSR B1620-26 b is one of the planets found orbiting two giant and old stars. Quoted by Secrets of Universe, because it orbits two stars, this planet is said to be a "circumbinary planet". This planet is in the constellation Scorpius and is 12,400 light-years from Earth.
4. Gliese 1214b
Illustration of the star GJ 1214 and the black ball that is the planet GJ 1214b
Quoted by SCI NEWS, GJ1214b has a distance of 40 light-years from Earth and is in the constellation Ophiuchus. This planet was discovered in 2009 with a size 2.7 times larger and a mass 7 times greater than Earth. Gliese 1214b, another name for this planet, orbits the red dwarf star every 38 hours at a distance of 1.3 million miles. The average surface temperature of the planet is predicted to be 450 degrees Fahrenheit or around 230 degrees Celsius.
Gliese 1214b is called "steamy Waterworld". Quoted by SPACE, the planet which is smaller than Uranus is a water planet surrounded by a thick, steamy atmosphere. The majority of the planet's mass is divided into water. The pressure and high surface temperatures make astronomers do not believe water on this planet exists in liquid form or maybe not.
5. HD 189733 b
HD planet illustration 189733 b
Quoted by NASA, the planet that looks blue is apparently not as friendly as it looks. The wind on the surface of the planet HD 189733 b blows at a speed of 5,400 mph or about 2 km per second, 7x the speed of sound. The surface of the planet is predicted to be full of glass rain. The glass rain does not exist vertically, but horizontally, due to the impact of the strongest wind. The cobalt blue color of the planet is verified to come from a foggy atmosphere that contains silicate particles.
According to Secrets of Universe, the mass of this planet is predicted to be 13% bigger than Jupiter. The surface of the planet has a temperature above 1,200 Kelvin because it orbits very close to its star. NASA says that such a close distance makes HD 189733 b only need about 2 days to complete its orbit. The atmosphere of the planet, which is 63 light-years from Earth, is said to have evaporated and lost about 100-600 kg of atmosphere per second.
6. WASP-33 b
WASP-33b . planet illustration
WASP-33 b is the hottest planet ever encountered. Quoted by Eskify, this planet has a surface temperature of 3,200 degrees Celsius or 900 degrees hotter than its initial hottest planet, WASP-12b. This planet orbits its star in the closest distance until the temperature is really hot. WASP-33 b is 378 light-years from Earth, in the constellation Andromeda, and is 4x the size of Jupiter.
Other evidence from this planet, quoted by NASA, is that this planet is mostly gaseous and orbits a type A star called -Scuti. WASP-33 b's distance from the star is only 0.0239 AU (Astronomical Units). The mass of this massive planet is 2,093 times the mass of Jupiter. The planet, which was discovered in 2010, takes only 1.2 days to complete one orbit.
7. HAT-P-7 b
Illustration of the planet HAT-P-7b
The planet has a giant size which is mostly divided into gas. It was discovered in 2008. Quoted by NASA, this planet orbits a type F star within a distance of 0.03676 AU, has a mass of 1.84 times the mass of Jupiter, and has a size 16 times larger than Earth. HAT-P-7 b takes 2.2 days to complete its orbit. This planet has a distance of 1,000 light-years from Earth and its upper surface is predicted to have a temperature of 3,500 degrees Fahrenheit or around 1,927 degrees Celsius.
Another interesting thing about this planet is that there is an identified weather presence on the planet. Citing EarthSky, David Armstrong of the Warwick's Astrophysics Group research group found that there were hurricanes on the planet's surface that created storms. In addition, the planet's clouds are likely formed from aluminum oxide, or corundum, commonly called, that evaporates. Corundum is the mineral that makes up rubies and sapphires.
8. 55 Cancri e
Illustration of the planet 55 Cancri e
The planet, which was discovered in 2004, is also known as Janssen. Janssen is 40 light-years from Earth and orbits Copernicus, a type G star that is slightly smaller in size, temperature, and light than the sun. Quoted by ESA Hubble, 55 Cancri e has a very close distance to its star, so its orbit only takes 18 hours. This distance makes the surface temperature of the planet very high, around 2,000 degrees Celsius.
Quoted by SPACE.com, the planet, which was previously predicted to be really dense and composed of rocks, apparently contains light materials, such as water in good distribution. However, the high temperatures on the planet's surface make the gas within the planet exist in a liquid-like form. New research by the University of Arizona has found that the planet, which was originally called the diamond planet because it contains a lot of carbon material, appears to have 25% more oxygen than carbon.
Illustration of the planet TrES-2b
This planet is called the darkest planet and has a distance of 750 light-years from Earth, in the constellation Draco. Quoted by SPACE.com, TrES-2b orbits the sun-like star GSC 03549-02811. The planet's distance from its star is about 0.03563 AU. According to NASA, this planet has a large size and is divided into gas. The mass of the planet is 1.49 times that of Jupiter and has an orbital time of 2.5 days.
This planet looks completely dark because it emits only 1% of the light it receives. It is said that the darkness of this planet is darker than charcoal. Some experts predict there is material that can absorb light in the planet's atmosphere. Some of the materials considered are vaporized sodium and potassium, or titanium oxide gas.
The discovery of new celestial bodies shows that there are many things in space that humans have not yet encountered and become mystical. The newly discovered planets even have characters and characters that surprise some astronomers. From the list just now, which one do you think is the most unique?