5 Things That Will Happen When the Sun Disappears from the Solar System
Illustration of the Solar System with the Sun at its center
Netgenz - Sains | As objects that can produce their own light, stars certainly have various roles to very diverse benefits. This is what makes a star surrounded by many celestial bodies, including planets, thus forming a certain orbital system. As part of the Solar System, the Sun as the central star has various important roles to support the planets that orbit it. So important, if he suddenly disappeared, some bad effects would befall the planets around him, including Earth. Well, there are approximately five impacts that will occur if the Sun suddenly disappears from the Solar System. Curious? Let's check this out!
1. All celestial bodies around the Sun will be swayed in space
Illustration of a planet bobbing in space
In the Solar System, the Sun is the object with the greatest gravitational field. Therefore, some celestial bodies such as planets, asteroids, and other celestial objects around them will be attracted and follow the path formed by the Sun's gravity. The following are commonly referred to as orbital lanes. At this time, if the Sun suddenly disappeared, then of course the most instant effect would be the break in the orbit of the Sun. Space Answers releases if a celestial body will be bobbing in space. In fact, some of them will move plates in front until they exit the Solar System mechanism or collide with each other if the distance between the two is close and attractive.
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2. The temperature of the planets in the Solar System will drop markedly
Illustration of a frozen ocean when the sun disappears
The surface temperature of a planet is completely controlled by its distance from the Sun. Because, the closer a planet is to the Sun, the more intense the light and the higher the temperature received. Therefore, one of the frightening effects of the sudden disappearance of the Sun is the reduced temperature of the surrounding planets.
Delivered on the Discovery site, for Earth, temperature reductions can occur slowly. Because this planet tends to be able to maintain hot temperatures quite well. A few days after the Sun disappears, the Earth will feel the most striking reduction in temperature. After two months, the sea level will freeze. However, all the oceans on Earth will freeze completely after several thousand years without the Sun. For planets that are farther from the Sun than Earth, the effects of this temperature reduction can occur more quickly. Meanwhile, planets that are closer to the Sun than Earth can still last a little longer than Earth.
3. The atmosphere will crumble to pieces
Illustration of Earth's Atmosphere
This protective shield of the Earth from various celestial bodies at risk will be affected if the Sun suddenly disappears from the Solar System. However, in fact, the impact can only occur in a fairly long period. Quoted by Earth Sky, the atmosphere will be destroyed when the Earth has reached a temperature of -400 degrees Fahrenheit (-240 degrees Celsius) or when the oceans on Earth are completely frozen. This means that this effect can only occur after several thousand years of the sun disappearing. However, the effects caused by the disappearance of this atmosphere will be risky. In addition to the loss of protection of the Earth from foreign objects at risk, the loss of the atmosphere will make the Earth more vulnerable to cosmic radiation from space.
4. Planets can be pitch black
Illustration of pitch-black earth without the sun
There is day and night on Earth ruled by the presence of sunlight. If the Sun suddenly disappears, because it can be confirmed if the conditions on Earth will be dark. One of the rays that can be seen from our earth when only a few small dots from other stars. However, as quoted by Futurism, the disappearance of light from the planets cannot happen instantly. This is because light takes a certain amount of time to reach an object, depending on the distance. The closer an object is to the sun, the shorter the time for sunlight to reach the object.
When the sun's rays disappear, the Earth will actually receive 8 minutes of light. And for planets that are farther back from Earth, it will get a little longer before the sunlight completely disappears.
5. All living things will slowly be destroyed
Illustration of the frozen state of the Earth without life after the sun disappeared
Finally, the brightest effect when the Sun disappears from our Solar System is the destruction of all life on Earth. However, interestingly the annihilation will tend to happen slowly, you know. Taken from the site Earth Sky and Futurism, it will take at least a few decades before living things are completely destroyed from Earth. Previously plants could not photosynthesize because of the disappearance of the Sun. From there, the herbivores will starve to death, followed by several carnivores.
In the meantime, one way so that humans can survive for some time is to be in the ground so that they are close to the Earth's heat source. However, all these creatures tend to be destroyed in the calculation of many years. Only a few giant plants can survive for decades without needing to do photosynthesis again. The impact of the disappearance of the Sun is really very disastrous for the survival of our Solar System. However, the good news is that the chances of the Sun disappearing without a footprint are really slim. If the Sun were to descend or erupt once more, humans would be able to notice signs with the knowledge that exists today.