12 Olympians Goddess, Greek Mythology That Becomes a Legend
Netgenz - Sains | Greek mythology is a literature that is always interesting to review and leads to some Olympians or gods who rule the universe. They are known as Olympians because they have a palace on Mount Olympus. The gods known in Greek mythology are actually the 3rd generation of gods after the Protogenoi and Titan periods. Some of the Olympian gods consisted of 12 gods with 6 deities originally derived and the other six being descendants of Zeus. Each of them has certain strengths and advantages.
The following is a list of 12 Olympian gods who have until now become ancient legends among the citizens
1. God Zeus
According to classical Greek mythology, Zeus is the ruler of Olympus who is king and leader of several gods. Zeus' equivalent in Roman mythology is the god, Jupiter. Although Zeus has many disagreements as told in mythology, he is an eternal god and cannot be entangled in mortal matters.
Zeus is the youngest child of the Titans Cronos and Titaness Rhea and was raised by Mother Earth or Gaia, after growing up he dropped his father to rule the world. Zeus has the power to control the heavens and the earth, he is mentioned as the god of the weather, the god of the weather, and the god of destiny.
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2. God Poseidon
In Roman mythology, Poseidon was known as Neptune. He is the ruler of the sea and lives under the sea with his wife, Aigeia. He is also known as the god of earthquakes and storms because he can control the oceans and the underwater world.
Always depicted as a valiant god riding a horse and a half fish and brandishing his trident, Poseidon was well respected by some fishermen and some voyagers in ancient times. Like his brother Zeus, Poseidon had many relationships with women.
3. God Ares
Ares is the son of Zeus and Hera, he is a god of war who is popular because of his brutality in war. The ancient Romans referred to Ares as the god Mars. Although Ares is known as the god of war, many kingdoms refuse to worship him because they are seen as too cruel and merciless.
He is recognized as a god full of anger. His depiction is engulfed in flames, usually wearing armor and helmet and holding a spear. Amazons, Match, and Eros or commonly called Cupid, are the children of Ares and Aphrodite.
4. God Hera
Hera is the queen of several gods, she is the daughter of the Titans Cronos and Titaness Rhea, who is Zeus' older sister, and his wife. Hera is the patron goddess of marriage, birth, and childbirth, women, and controller of the stars in the sky. From her marriage to Zeus, she has 3 children namely Ares, Hephaestus, and Eileithyia.
5. God Hermes
Hermes is known as a smart and handsome god, his equivalent in Roman mythology is the god Mercury. Hermes is the son of Zeus and his wife Maia. He is the god of messengers, the god of guides, the god of protection for some adventurers, and the god of spiritual guidance. Called Psykopompos which means the god of bringing spirits to the underworld, he can pass through three worlds, namely the world of several gods, the world of humans, and the world of death or the underworld.
6. God Aphrodite
Goddess Aphrodite is the Greek goddess of love, she is always depicted as having a beautiful face capable of making anyone who sees her will fall in love. She is a symbol of passion, beauty, seduction, happiness and is hailed as the goddess of fertility for women. She has a husband, the god Hephaestus, but has a child with her boyfriend, Ares the god of war. The Romans equated Aphrodite with the goddess Venus.
7. God Athena
Athena is the goddess of wisdom, master of war tactics. In addition, she is also known as the goddess of art, the beauty of the soul, and the goddess of intelligence and teaching. He is the son of Zeus and Metis. Described as a woman with an aura of strong intelligence, wears full armor with head protection, and wields a shield and spear. His favorite animal is an owl. Athena was a refuge for virgin girls because she was a virgin goddess. His equivalent in ancient Roman belief was the goddess Minerva.
8. God Apollo
Apollo is the god of the sun, light, music, divination, archery, medicine, and protection of the young. He has a twin sister, Artemis, and is the son of Zeus and Leto. He was exclusively granted the power to regulate the movement of the sun in the heavens and the rays of the earth. Because of his good looks, Apollo became really arrogant and thought all women would fall for him. But in reality, all Apollo's love stories ended badly, he was also known as one of the hot-tempered gods.
9. God Hephaestus
Hephaestus is the god of fire and the husband of the goddess Aphrodite. As one of Zeus' children, Hephaestus was gifted with intelligence in processing iron and making some amazing things, for example making lightning for Zeus, Aegis for Athena, and armor for Achilles.
He is a crippled god with an ugly face. When he found out his wife was having an affair with Ares, he made a trap and summoned all the gods to witness his second affair. He is depicted as a powerful god and his symbols are a hammer, arch, and iron base.
10. God Artemis
Artemis is the goddess of the moon, protection of nature and wild animals, she loves to hunt with her brother, Apollo. She is the goddess of chastity and fertility, therefore some of her adherents are also required to maintain her chastity.
She is described as a beautiful young girl who always carries a bow and arrow and is surrounded by her favorite animals such as deer, wolves, and wild boars. He and his brother have the best archery power among the Olympian gods.
11. God Hestia
Hestia is Zeus' first sister, she is the goddess of the hearth and protection of the family. She is described as an unpretentious woman wearing a white head covering. The throne is also really simple, plain wood with white wool pillows.
Hestia was respected by both gods and men for her presence everywhere, be it in temples or homes. Every city in ancient Greece had a big heart in the center of the city and was kept glowing. This fire will be brought if they want to build a new city. In Roman mythology, Hestia is known as Vesta.
12. God of Demeter
God of Demeter
Demeter is the goddess of agriculture, the goddess of flowers and soil fertility. She controls the harvest season and her hair symbolizes the strands of wheat. Demeter is said to be Hades' alternative at Olympus because Hades prefers to live in the Underworld.
Demeter is said to be the goddess of the seasons, this happened when her daughter Persephone was married to Hades and brought to life in the Underworld. When Demeter was sad, the earth had winter and when Persephone came to her she was truly happy and at that time it was spring.
These are the 12 Olympian gods who were considered by the Greeks to be part of history. The ancient Greeks used mythology to explain various natural events that occurred. Greek mythology itself consists of three sides, namely the origin of the creation of the world, the birth of several gods, and the presence of humans initially.
If you are an astronomy fan, of course, you are familiar with the names of ancient Greek gods, the majority of the names of constellations and planets are taken from the names of gods and goddesses from this mythology.