The government of President Joko Widodo is encouraged to imitate the 4th President of the Republic of Indonesia Abdurrahman Wahid (Gus Dur) in resolving the turmoil in Papua (Illustration)
Netgenz - Politic Regional | A member of the Regional Representative Council (DPD) from West Papua, Filep Wamafma asked the government of President Joko Widodo (Jokowi) to imitate the steps of the 4th President of the Republic of Indonesia Abdurrahman Wahid (Gus Dur) in resolving the turmoil in Papua. Filep said the government could reduce the turmoil of groups considered terrorists by taking a non-violent approach to culture, ideology, and other matters. According to him, during his tenure as president, Gus Dur prioritized this over military operations. "In developing Papua, the government can imitate how the government of President Gus Dur applies an approach through understanding ethnicity, culture, and religion, not through sending troops from the TNI and also the Police," said Philip in a written statement, Monday (6/06). 9).
Filep said the problems in Papua and West Papua cannot be separated from three old problems that have not been resolved until now. The first is regarding allegations of human rights violations. “Since Papua merged with Indonesia and during the New Order era, with the area of military operations under President H. M. Suharto, until now there has been no desire from the government, to resolve the conflict, which is a legacy from the past and has been handed down to the present," said Philip.
Then, said Filep, ideological understanding is due to differences of opinion on the history of Papuan integration and the history of armed conflict. Lastly, related to allegations of human rights violations in Papua, many of which have not been resolved through the court process. "If the government wants to process it, it can be processed clearly, but the state will definitely protect it because it is done not on an individual basis but behalf of an institution," he said.
Furthermore, the senator from West Papua said that the natural resources (SDA) of the Cendrawasih Earth were also a concern for indigenous Papuans. According to him, the people of Papua so far have not felt justice in taking the natural resources. “However, the government actually considers him a terrorist or a KKB. The government should only be able to state that in the Papua Province some several groups or individuals want to fight or liberate Papua. So the stigma of terrorists is not appropriate to implement this," he said.
The situation in some areas in Papua is still vulnerable, several times shooting has occurred between the TNI-Polri security forces and the OPM. Most recently, the attack took place at the Kisor Koramil Post, South Aifat District, Maybrat Regency, West Papua. Four TNI members were killed, namely the Danposramil, First Lieutenant Chb Dirman; Sergeant Ambrose; Praka DIrham; and Pratu Zul Ansari.
The management of the Komnas National Liberation Army West Papua Free Papua Organization (TPNPB-OPM) has asked the Indonesian government to stop military operations in Maybrat, West Papua. They asked Jokowi to open himself up for negotiations. TPNPB-OPM spokesman Sebby Sembom said "Indonesian security forces launched a large-scale military operation in Maybrat after four TNI soldiers were killed in an attack a few days ago". "We firmly convey to the Indonesian government under the leadership of President Joko Widodo to immediately stop military operations and we sit at the negotiating table," Sebby said in a video recording, Monday (6/9).