Types and Function Motherboard Computer

Whats is Motherboard Computer?

Netgenz - Computer and Internet | The motherboard (or commonly called the mainboard, system board, logic board, baseboard, or mobo) is a printed circuit board (PCB) that acts as the backbone of a computer because the motherboard provides electrical connectivity called a bus so that all external components and devices on the motherboard it can be connected.

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On this motherboard, all computer components are installed/connected, such as the CPU, RAM slots, PCI slots, and USB ports. In addition, the motherboard also has the ability to control devices such as hard drives, DVD drives, keyboards, and mice. In essence, the motherboard is what makes all the components in your computer able to work together.

Function Motherboard

The main use/function of the motherboard is as a computer backbone is not unreasonable, because the motherboard has various functions. In addition to its main function, namely as a medium that accommodates components on a computer, the motherboard also functions to regulate the basic input/output system (BIOS) code on the read-only memory (ROM) chip.

Read: Role Bios and Elements in Bios Computer

Motherboard Types

 Motherboards have several types and their respective histories, including:

 AT (Advanced Technology) Motherboards

Although now hard to find, the AT Motherboard is a type of motherboard that was first introduced by IBM in August 1984, and then used widely in the 1980s. This type of motherboard has a size that is quite large, namely 12 x 13.8 inches, a size large enough so that it does not fit on a mini desktop. Another problem that AT motherboards have is the difficulty of installing, troubleshooting and upgrading because the distance between each component is very close. Another version of the AT motherboard is the Baby AT Motherboard which has a smaller size of 8.5 x 13 inches.

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AT Motherboards

 AT (Advanced Technology) Motherboards

ATX (Advanced Technology Extended)

The ATX motherboard is a type of motherboard developed by Intel in the mid-1990s which is an improvement on the previous type of motherboard, namely AT. In addition to the increase in the size of the motherboard that is getting smaller. ATX motherboards have also experienced improvements in ease of use, in terms of installation, troubleshooting, and upgrades, as well as improvements in I/O and processor technology and system production costs. This is what makes this type of motherboard still rather popular in use today.

ATX (Advanced Technology Extended) Motherboard

ATX (Advanced Technology Extended)


Micro-ATX is the same as the ATX type, the benefits offered are the same, the only difference is that the motherboard size is smaller, this is done by reducing the number of I/O slots supported on the motherboard. (mini ATX version).

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Mini-ITX (Information Technology Extended)

 Mini ITX is a type of low-power motherboard with a fairly small size, namely:

17 x 17 cm. This Mini-ITX was designed by VIA Technologies in 2001. This Mini-ITX motherboard is used in computers that have a small form factor, besides that this type of motherboard also does not generate more heat because it uses low power consumption so it does not require a large fan. 

Micro-ATX and Mini-ITX Motherboard

Micro-ATX and Mini-ITX (Information Technology Extended)

LPX (Low Profile Extended)

The low profile extension motherboard was created after AT motherboards in the 1990s. This type of motherboard is designed for use in Slimline or low profile casings, which are designed in such a way as to reduce the use of space and cost. What distinguishes this type of motherboard from others is the riser card which is an upright card that is used to install expansion slots. This aims to reduce the height of a case because generally the height of the computer case is influenced by the expansion card itself. (However, this is actually not recommended, because it can affect the cooling system on your computer) .

LPX (Low Profile Extended) Motherboard

LPX (Low Profile Extended)

BTX (Balanced Technology Extended)

 BTX motherboards were developed to reduce or avoid some of the problems that arise when using the latest technology. Newer technologies tend to use more power and also generate more heat. Unlike other types of motherboards, BTX has completely disentangled itself from the currently popular form of the ATX type. One of the most interesting features of BTX is the use of in-line airflow where the memory slots and expansion slots are moved so that major components such as processors, chipsets, and video cards can use the same airflow, thereby reducing the use of fans required by the system. which is very popular today for medium to low capital).

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BTX (Balanced Technology Extended) Motherboard

BTX (Balanced Technology Extended)

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Thus an explanation of the motherboard board and its main functions and types, thank you so much, check more article about computer and internet.

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